Definitions according to the BRANZ admission definition and inclusion/exclusion criteria:
- All first admissions to an Australian or New Zealand burns unit where a burn injury is the principal reason for admission
- First admission is within 28 days burn injury (with exception of transfers from another hospital - all included)
- Patient admitted under burns unit or admitted under other unit and burns unit consulting.
- Admission > 24 hours or Admission < 24 hours and patient has a burns management procedure in theatre; or Admission < 24 hours and patient dies.
- All readmissions to the Burns Unit within 28 days of the date of discharge from the first admission
Medical cause cases such as Steven Johnson Syndrome and TENS.
Criteria for specialised burns treatment: The following criteria are endorsed by the Australian & New Zealand Burn Association in assessing whether burns require treatment in a specialised burns unit (ANZBA 2004):
- Burns greater than 10 per cent of total body surface area (TBSA)
- Burns of special areas—face, hands, feet, genitalia, perineum, and major joints
- Full-thickness burns greater than 5 per cent of TBSA
- Electrical burns
- Chemical burns
- Burns with an associated inhalation injury
- Circumferential burns of the limbs or chest
- Burns in the very young or very old, or pregnant women
- Burns in people with pre-existing medical disorders that could complicate management, prolong recovery, or increase mortality
- Burns with associated trauma
- Non-accidental burns